JLPT N4 – High Beginner Japanese Test

JLPT N4 – High Beginner Japanese Test post image

The JLPT N4 is the second easiest test of the 5 tests. It is equivalent to the old level 3 or 3級さんきゅう. It requires about 300 hours of classroom time to pass, which is roughly equivalent to 2 years of college study. In other words, you should be able to pass this test if you took Japanese in college.

Basic Info

The N4 test covers basic Japanese. You should be able to understand basic passages written with basic vocabulary and kanji. You should also be able to understand conversations about daily topics and activities spoken slowly.

The main aim of N4 in my opinion is to test your ability to survive with Japanese. At this level, you should be able to travel around the country fairly easily. This includes things like asking for directions, booking hotels, and being able to introduce yourself to others in Japanese. You’ll also be able to have basic small talk and be able to do some shopping as well.

Practice Tests

There are actually three sets of practice tests available for each level of the JLPT. The first set are called ‘sample questions’. These just have two questions for each section. Basically, it is a good way to get a feel for what the test is like and how difficult it is before taking a full practice test. There are also two full practice tests you can download for free as well. The JLPT website refers to these as ‘workbooks’.

JLPT N4 Sample Questions (Download) or Answer them Online

JLPT N4 Workbook 1 or 2


The grammar for N4 is roughly equivalent to the old level 3 grammar. This includes all basic conjugations of Japanese verbs including passive voice. わたしは たろに 電話でんわされる。-> I got a call from Taro. (lit. I was called by Taro)

N4 also goes over a lot of grammar to talk about plans for the future as well as basic conjunctions like even though, because of, for the purpose of, and so on. There are also a lot of verb ‘endings’. For example, ~やすい/~にくい, easy to/difficult to as in わかりやすい-> easy to understand.


The N4 covers approximately 300 of the most used kanji in Japanese. You can find a list of these on Anki and there are flashcard decks made up by White Rabbit Press that cover these basic kanji (the Series II volume I deck). The White Rabbit Press cards also include common compounds using that particular kanji.

In general, N4 Kanji covers all kanji for the extended family, more animals, and more verbs. These kanji can be written by most Japanese. In other words, they will be able to write them easily in handwritten letters and other documents without needing to look them up. After studying and getting to know these kanji, you will probably be able to understand most basic signs and some advertisements on the train. You will not be able to read the newspaper or formal letters.


There are approximately 900 new words you need to learn for N4. If you combine both N5 and N4, you need to know around 1500 words to pass the test. That doesn’t seem too daunting yet, does it? You can find most of these words in word lists, or check out my N4 Vocabulary Course on Memrise. It might seem like a bit of an overkill, but this will pretty much cover all your vocabulary needs for the test. I also made an Anki deck for the N4 as well.

One of the big tricks they test you over in this section is the difference between passive and active verbs.  I got caught off guard by ひらwhich basically means ‘to open’, but is only used in certain circumstances.  For example, you can talk about a flower opening this way, but not a door.  Make sure you understand the shades of meaning of all the vocabulary words and not JUST the meaning.

So, what is this thing good for anyway?

You might be thinking, OK now, this is a serious test right? I mean I can parade around in the streets with this baby! But, you are at least partially wrong. The N4 is definitely a step up from the N5, and is quite an achievement to pass, but it still doesn’t get you into the big leagues. The N4 qualifies you to easily make your way around the country while traveling as well as make simple small talk with strangers, but it isn’t enough to do business with (unless you are really brave and like doing hand gestures a lot).

This is probably the first of the tests you can put on your resume and not get laughed at. It shows that you have an interest in Japan and you are looking to become more fluent. It will come in handy if you are going to be working with a Japanese company that conducts business in English, because they know they can speak a little bit of Japanese here and there and you’ll understand. It also separates you from the pack of wannabe Japanese speakers.

I would also say that this is the first test that you really need to study for and put forth extra effort if you want to pass. Just taking Japanese in college and then heading off to take the test isn’t going to cut it. You will have to review some of the grammar points definitely before you head to the test and do some extra practice to learn the nuances of the vocabulary.

In Summary

JLPT N4 is the next rung on the ladder, it might not get you a job using Japanese quite yet, but you are definitely on your way. After passing the N4, you WILL be able to travel around Japan with relative ease, and not get hopelessly lost which is a good thing.

Now it’s your turn to take action. In the comments below, let me know any resources you are using to study for the JLPT N4. Did they help? What would you recommend to someone that is studying for the N4? Don’t be afraid, help your fellow man (and woman) pass the test!

{ 16 comments… add one }
  • Lee Pletzers June 16, 2011, 2:57 am

    Hi Mac, just stumbled onto your blog. I’m in Kobe. Planning on taking the N4 at the end of this year. Speaking of which, it is lesson time. Thanks for the tips and the iPhone apps.


    • Mac June 16, 2011, 1:56 pm

      Thanks for the kind comment Lee. I wish you luck on the N4. After you pass that, you should be at a good conversational level. If you have any questions about studying, by all means let me know.

  • Bea May 16, 2012, 12:55 pm

    Hi. I found your blog today while looking for past papers (which I couldn’t find). I think it’s really useful (and I thank you for writing it) and somewhere in your blog I read that the book Gokaku Dekiru JLPT N4 & N5 was perhaps too easy compared to the real test, so I wanted to ask you if you know any non-Chinese site where I can found some papers, or a book that I could use to practice (a lot) for N4 (and N5). Well, thank you.

    • Bea May 16, 2012, 12:57 pm

      Sorry, “where I can FIND” (still learning English, it seems to take forever :S).

    • Mac May 17, 2012, 3:27 pm

      Unfortunately, I don’t know a great site to get the past papers from. That always seems to be the million dollar question doesn’t it? It is a real problem that they don’t release the past tests anymore to practice with. That was a tremendous source of good test questions.

      I good book that a lot of people recommend for the N4 level is Tanki Master N4. I’ve looked through it a few times and it seems to be about the correct level for the test. I would try that. It is small, but should be pretty helpful.

  • ALT in Japan June 19, 2012, 2:31 am

    Hey Mac, great site!
    I am studying using a text-book that has furigana, even in the “test” sections and I was wondering if you knew whether the test also has furigana?
    I try not to read it but I always find my eyes slipping to the furigana and not looking at the kanji…

    • Mac June 19, 2012, 12:09 pm

      I think there should be furigana for the reading sections where the kanji is N4, but no furigana for N5 kanji. That’s how it should work anyway.

      • ALT in Japan June 20, 2012, 4:07 am

        Awesome, should be no trouble then. Thanks!

        • Nicky September 7, 2012, 3:50 pm

          I took the N4 last year and it was a LOT tougher than it is made out to be. The listening was not “slowly spoken” at all (and they say it only once, not twice like in the N5) and there was only a little furigana. There were actually a lot of kanji in the reading (and other parts of the test) that didn’t have furigana and that I didn’t even recognize probably because I kind of expected the furigana and hence would remember the word based on that..my mistake 🙂 so, as a warning, learn to read without the furigana! Needless to say I didn’t pass and will be taking it again this year! Minnasan, ganbate!

  • abhishek July 4, 2012, 10:07 am

    Thank you for all the valuable information you have provided us.i think mlcjapanese.com is a great site for all levels as it is a comprehensive of kanji, vocab.and even grammer..i hope it is useful for all…….

    • Mac July 4, 2012, 3:28 pm

      mlcjapanese.com? It seems like that site went down? Or is it at a different address? Anyway, thanks for the praise!

  • Div September 21, 2012, 6:25 pm

    Hi, thank you for the useful information you have on this site. I am planning to take N3 or N2 next year. I learned japanese about 10 years ago but I need to brush up on some of my kanjis and phrases. Would you happen to know of a book which I can use to refresh my memory for N4 and N5?

    • Mac September 23, 2012, 5:56 am

      The best thing to refresh with would probably be the beginner 500 problem book. It basically has 3 questions on each page, one for vocabulary, one for grammar, and one for kanji and then on the back of that page it has explanations for each of the answers. Should be a handy little book to point out what the holes are in your memory.

  • Ujj August 25, 2016, 1:32 pm

    Could you recommend me some reading material that basically contains most of the vocabulary and kanji for N4 which is available out of Japan or online? I find it easier to learn this way

    • Clayton MacKnight August 28, 2016, 2:36 am

      I used graded readers when I was at the N4 and N3 level to get into the rhythm of reading. These particular readers have great audio that you can listen to after reading the books for review.

  • Ai Thein Kyaw January 29, 2018, 11:28 pm

    I want to learn N-4

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